Cylinder is a three dimensional (3D) geometric shape. The surface is formed by the points at a fixed distance from a given straight line, the axis of the cylinder. The solid enclosed by this surface and by two planes perpendicular to the axis is also called a cylinder. The surface area and the volume of a cylinder have been known since deep antiquity.
- Right Circular Cylinder: This is the most common type of cylinder
- The other types of cylinders are elliptic cylinder, parabolic cylinder, or hyperbolic cylinder.
RIGHT CIRCULAR Cylinder
Curved Surface Area: CSA of a Cylinder is calculated by the formula: 2 * Pi * Radius * Height
Total Surface Area: TSA is calculated by the formula: CSA + (2 * Pi * Radius²)
Volume: This is calculated by the formula: Pi * (Radius)² * height
Diameter: Diameter is twice the radius of the Sphere and hence: 2* Radius
Pi: This is the ratio of Circumference of the Sphere to the Diameter of the Sphere. This is usually represented by the symbol “Π” and has a value of 3.14159…
Units: Measurement units of Area, Radius, and Circumference
Meter (m): is the base unit of length in the International System of Units (SI). Meter is defined as the distance traveled by light in a specific fraction (1299 792 458) of a second.
Other SI units: are millimeter (mm) i.e. 1/1000 of m, centimeter (cm) which is 1/100 of m and kilometer (km) which is equal to 1000m.
Other English units of measure of distance are:
Mile: An English unit of length, it is equal to 1609 meters (m).
Yard: It is equal to 0.9144 meters (m).
Foot: It is equal to 0.3048 meters (m).